Retro Models RETRO4001 – 1/400 Scale Tu-104A Diecast Model
|Length||10.0 cm||3.93 in||Approx|
|Wingspan||8.6 cm||3.38 in||Approx|
Diecast model features include:
- Constructed with metal and plastic components
- Undercarriage fixed extended
- Display stand included.
1/400 scale Tupolev Tu-104A – Retro Models RETRO4001
Retro Models RETRO4001 diecast model replicates in 1/400 scale the Tupolev Tu-104A, registration OK-LDA, of Československé státní aerolinie (CSA), now Czech Airlines.
The Tu-104A entered service with CSA, Czechoslovak State Airlines in 1957, the only export customer, and the first airline to fly a route exclusively with jet airliners. It became the third airline to operate jets, with the purchased of six Tu-104As, four new and two used, configured for 81 passengers.
Czechoslovak State Airlines (CSA)
Czechoslovak State Airlines, now Czech Airlines is the national airline of the Czech Republic and operates scheduled, charter, and cargo flights, the fifth oldest airline still in operation and the first airline to fly regular jet-only routes. A member of the SkyTeam alliance with a frequent flyer programme called “OK Plus”.
It was founded on October 6, 1923, by the Czechoslovak government as ČSA (Československé státní aerolinie (Czechoslovak State Airlines)) and after the breakup of the Czechoslovak Federation renamed Czech Airlines in May 1995, currently owned by Smartwings (97.74%).
The Tupolev Tu-104 is a Soviet narrow-body, medium-range, twin turbojet-powered airliner. The maiden flight took place on June 17, 1955, and entered service on September 15, 1956, with Aeroflot, replacing the Ilyushin Il-14. The second jet airliner to enter service, after the de Havilland Comet. Aeroflot withdrew the Tu-104 from passenger service in March 1979 after a history of some 16 fatal accidents and poor safety record. Several aircraft were then transferred to the Soviet military for use as staff transports cosmonaut training in zero gravity. Withdrawn from military service in February 1981 after a fatal crash that killed 52 people including senior army and naval personnel.
Based on the Tu-16 ‘Badger’ strategic bomber, the Tu-104 used the same wings, engines, and tail surfaces with a new wider, pressurised fuselage. There was a reduction in passenger headspace over the wing spars that passed through the fuselage. The wing roots housed the Mikulin AM-3 turbojets (similar to the de Havilland Comet). Two drag chutes were fitted to shorten landing distance, as many airport’s runways were of insufficient length. The first variant, accommodated up to 50 passengers, later models up to 115.
The Tu-104 was challenging to fly, heavy on controls, fast on final approach, and tended to stall at low speeds, prevalent with highly swept wings. Early aircraft also suffered from a phenomenon named “podkhvat” (the grab), were in turbulent air the aeroplane would experience a sudden gain in altitude, then enter an unrecoverable stall and spin.
The airframe over time underwent improvements and modifications for specific roles leading to multiple variants. The significant models were the Tu-104, initial version, seating 50 passengers, Tu-104A with more powerful engines and up to 70 passengers. The Tu-104B, fuselage lengthened 1.2 metres (3 ft 11 in), improved engines able to carry up to 100 passengers.
Both the -A and -B models underwent further modification to increase seating capacity; the -A, 100/105 passengers designated as the Tu-104V, the -B, 115 passengers, designated Tu-104V-115.
- Flight crew: five; two pilots, navigator, flight engineer and a radio operator (later abolished)
- Length: 40.05 m (131 ft 5 in)
- Wingspan: 34.54 m (113 ft 4 in)
- Height: 11.90 m (39 ft 0 in)
- Empty weight: 43,800 kg (96,560 lb)
- Engines: Two Mikulin AM-3M-500 turbojets.
- Cruise speed: 800 km/h (497 mph), Mach 0.75 at altitude
- Maximum speed: 950 km/h (513 knots, 590 mph)
- Range: 2,750 km (1,709 mi)
- MTOW: 364,235 kg (803,001 lb)
- Service ceiling: 12,000 m (39,370 ft).