Hobby Master HA8606 1/48 Scale Hawker Hurricane Mk I, Diecast Model LE-D, Sqn Ldr Douglas Bader, No 242 Sqn, RAF
RAF Coltishall, Norfolk, England, Sept 1940.
- Wingspan 25.4 cm 10.0 in Approx
- Length 19.9 cm 7.85 in Approx
Model features include:
- Constructed with metal and plastic components.
- Canopy displayable open or closed.
- Undercarriage displayable extended or retracted.
- Display stand included.
Hobby Master HA8606 – 1/48 Scale Hawker Hurricane Mk I Diecast Model.
1/48 Scale Air Power Series.
Hobby Master HA8606 is a 1/72 scale diecast model of the Hawker Hurricane Mk I. In the colour scheme and markings of LE-D, s/n V7467 flown by Squadron Leader Douglas Bader of No 242 Squadron, RAF based at RAF Coltishall, Norfolk, England during Sept 1940.
Squadron Leader Douglas Bader.
Sir Douglas Robert Steuart Bader (1910 – 1982) was born at St John’s Wood, London. He joined the RAF in 1928 as an officer cadet at the Royal Air Force College Cranwell, Lincolnshire. Commissioned as a pilot officer on July 26, 1930 and posted to No. 23 Squadron RAF based at Kenley, Surrey. Flying Gloster Gamecocks and later Bristol Bulldogs.
On December 14 1931, while attempting low-flying aerobatics in a Bulldog he crashed. Flying to low, the tip of the left-wing touched the ground. Rushed to the Royal Berkshire Hospital, he had both legs amputated, one above and one below the knee. On recovery he retook flight training, passing his check flights, he requested reactivation as a pilot. In April 1933 the RAF reversed its decision and invalided Bader out of the RAF in May. He then took a position with Asiatic Petroleum Company (now Shell). On October 5, 1933, married Thelma Edwards.
World War II.
After the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, returned to the RAF as a pilot. Posted to No 19 Squadron based at RAF Duxford in January 1940. Later made a flight commander of No 222 Squadron and promoted to flight lieutenant. Took command of No 242 Squadron RAF as acting Squadron Leader on June 28 1940. A Hawker Hurricane unit based at RAF Coltishall. He scored his first victories over Dunkirk during the Battle of France in 1940.
During the Battle of Britain, Bader used three Hawker Hurricanes. The first, P3061, scoring six air victories. The second aircraft unknown, one victory and two damaged. The third, V7467, four air victories, one probable and two damaged. He became a supporter of the controversial “Big Wing”. Promoted to acting wing commander on March 18, 1941. Stationed at Tangmere with 145, 610 and 616 Squadrons under his command. Wing commanders used their initials for aircraft identification, thus Bader’s Spitfire wore “D-B”.
In August 1941, Bader bailed out over German-occupied France and became a POW. While bailing out of his stricken Spitfire, Bader’s right prosthetic leg became trapped in the aircraft. He escaped when the leg’s retaining straps snapped after he pulled the ripcord on his parachute. The Germans allowed a RAF bomber to drop a replacement prosthetic leg. Despite his disability, Bader made a number of escape attempts and eventually went to Colditz Castle. Liberated in April 1945 by the First United States Army.
On July 21, 1946, Bader retired from the RAF with the rank of group captain. Credited with 22 aerial victories, four shared victories, six probables, one shared probable and 11 enemy aircraft damaged. Awards include CBE, DSO & Bar, DFC & Bar, FRAeS, DL. He resumed his career with shell and continued to fly until ill-health forced him to stop in 1979. Bader’s first wife, Thelma, developed throat cancer and died on January 24, 1971. Bader married Joan Murray on January 3 1973. On September 5, 1982 at the age of 72, Bader died of a heart attack.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single engined, single-seat fighter. The first RAF eight-gun monoplane fighter and first British combat aircraft to exceed 300 mph in level flight. Designed by Sydney Camm, the prototype first flew on November 6, 1935. The first flight of a production aircraft, powered by a Merlin II engine took place on October 12, 1937. Already outdated the Hurricane enter service with No 111 Squadron RAF in December 25 1937. By the outbreak of the Second World War, nearly 500 Hurricanes equipped 18 squadrons. At the time of the Hurricanes development, RAF Fighter Command’s aircraft consisted of the Hawker Fury, Demon and Bristol Bulldog. The Hurricane proved rugged and a steady gun platform.
The design evolved into several variants that served in the fighter-bomber and ground support roles (Hurribombers). A carrier capable Naval variant (Sea Hurricane) and convoy escort, catapult-launched from modified merchant ships (Hurricat). By the end of 1944 more than 14,500 Hurricanes had been constructed. Some 1,400 in Canada by the Canadian Car and Foundry. The Hurricane served in all the major theatres of the Second World War.
Design and Development.
The Hurricane’s construction used the traditional Hawker construction techniques. The fuselage structure used high-tensile steel longeron and duralumin cross-bracing, mechanically fastened. Wooden formers and stringers carrying the doped linen covering. Initially, the wing structure consisted of two steel spars with a fabric covering. In April 1939 the wing design changed to an all-metal, stressed-skin of duralumin. The new metal skinned wings allowed an increase in diving speed of 130 km/h (80 mph) over the fabric-covered ones. They were also far stronger. An advantage of the steel-tube structure was that cannon shells could pass through the wood and fabric covering without exploding. Repair work was simple and often done at the airfield. Hurricanes could be assembled in the field with basic equipment. The Hurricane required 10,300 man hours to produce versus 15,200 for the Spitfire.
Early production Hurricanes used a Watts two-bladed fixed-pitch wooden propeller. Inefficient at low airspeeds, De Havilland variable-pitch propeller began to replaced these in April 1939. Later replaced by the hydraulically operated constant-speed Rotol propeller, which came into service before the Battle of Britain. The cockpit positioned high in the fuselage gave the pilot good all-round visibility and creating the distinctive hump-backed silhouette. Testing showed that the Hurricane had poor spin recovery characteristics. A small ventral fairing and extension of the bottom of the rudder corrected this.
The wood frames and fabric covering allowed a fire to spread easily. A fuel tank at the rear of the engine compartment if ignited, could burn through the instrument panel, seriously burning the pilot. Hawker retrofitted these tanks with a Linatex rubber coating. If punctured, the linatex would expand when soaked with petrol and self seal.
The first Hurricanes enter service with No 111 Squadron RAF in December 25 1937. By the outbreak of the Second World War, nearly 500 Hurricanes equipped 18 squadrons.
In response to a request from the French government four squadrons of Hurricanes moved to France. These aircraft belonged to Nos 1, 73, 85 and 87 squadrons. The first arriving on September 10, 1939. Later joined by 607 and 615 Squadrons. Air Chief Marshal Sir Hugh Dowding held back the Spitfires for the Defence of Britain. The Hurricane first saw combat at the start of the Phoney War on October 21, 1939. “A” Flight of No 46 Squadron intercepted nine Heinkel He 115B float-planes from 1/KüFlGr 906, claiming five destroyed. Participated in the battle of France and evacuation from Dunkirk.
Following the fall of France, Hurricanes equipped the majority of RAF’s fighter squadrons. During the Battle of Britain scored the higher number of RAF victories. Accounting for 55 percent of the 2,739 German losses, compared with 42 per cent by Spitfires. Generally, Spitfires would intercept German fighters, leaving the Hurricanes to attack bombers.
A relatively simple aircraft to fly at night it became the main single-seat night fighter in Fighter Command. From early 1941 also served as a night intruder, patrolling German airfields in France. The Sea Hurricane entered service in mid-1941, achieving its first aerial victory operating from HMS Furious on July 31, 1941. Tropicalised variants served in North Africa and the Defence of Malta.
Pacific and USSR.
In the Pacific the hurricane served in Burma, Ceylon, Singapore, and the Netherlands East Indies. It was the first Allied Lend-Lease aircraft delivered to the USSR and most numerous British aircraft in Soviet service with 2,952 delivered. The Hurricane served in the air forces of over 20 countries. It flew operationally with both the Allies and the Axis during the war.
Hobby Master HA8606 – 1/48 Scale Hawker Hurricane Mk I Diecast Model Aircraft. LE-D, Sqn Ldr Douglas Bader, No 242 Squadron, RAF.